New Video: Chapter 5 in the Serapuem Series, Conclusions!

I’m posting this video because it ties in with my current research on the micro Nova of the Sun, magnetic pole reversal and the younger dryas. Why it happened, how it happened and where it happened. Most interesting thing about this video besides that it’s based on a scientific  peer-reviewed quackademic paper is that it covers South America – not just North America or the Northern Hemisphere – there’s very little research in the southern hemisphere pertaining to the micro Nova aspect of the younger dryas – so check it out.. Interesting correlations within.

March 28, 2019

Podcast #2. I do an in-depth review of a new Younger Dryas Cosmic Impact paper that investigates the effects of the Younger Dryas in the Southern Hemisphere.

podcast MP3 available here

My marked up version of the report here!

The below is a transcription of a lot of what I said in the podcast, minus the specific quotes. It’s not 100% accurate, but it’s mostly there, it’s what I wrote while preparing for the podcast.

What is the younger dryas, briefly…

  •  end of the ice age
  • Pleistocene to holocene, 12800 to 11600 years ago
  • Massive climate change, massive temperature swings, we know this from ice core drilling. Something dramatic happened, the like of which we have never seen, the climate has been extremely stable in the last 5000-8000 years
  • Has always been a mystery
  • Several theories, in the last decade the cosmic impact theory has lots of support

I think this section gets at the core of why we should all be collectively paying more attention to this work. In the past few decades we have learned an awful lot more about the motions of the heavens and the risks of the occasional collision. We’ve learned that they happen much more frequently than we think they once did, and therefore we are at a higher risk than previously thought. Comets are very interesting cosmic bodies, most of them are just as old as the rest of the solar system, and there are literally billions if not trillions of them out in intersolar space in something called the Oort Cloud. We also have comets circling outside the solar system in a formation known as the Keiper Belt. These comets are in a delicate, unstable orbit, like a boulder balanced at the very top of a hill, and small forces can push them one way or another. Occasionally they are pushed out of these orbits and enter our solar system. We think this happens as a result of inter galactic forces, alignment and gravitational forces coming from other solar systems and objects in our galaxy, and they  can also be pulled in by gravitational forces from the large planets in our solar system, for example when the gas giants are in conjunction, or the same alignment, with the sun.

When this occurs, we find ourselves fortunate to be in the position of having a couple of large bouncers at the door the inner solar system, but they’re not always effective.  Jupiter, Saturn and the other gas giants can fling these comets back out of the solar system, or they can slow them down enough such that they enter the inner solar system, and have the possibility to cross our own orbit around the sun. In massive elliptical orbits, these comets begin to break up as they approach the sun, and we can sometimes get spectacular and recurring views, like Halley’s comet, and once they do break up they form a debris stream, and that is where our annual meteor showers come from. The risk comes from the fact that a single comet alone has much, much more mass than our own near earth asteroid system, and it is likely that there are large chunks still floating around in this debris stream. Meteor showers are spectacular to watch, but these debris streams can get a lot, lot bigger that a few bright streaks across a clear night sky. We have some concrete examples of how this occurs, some of you may recall when comet Shoemaker Levi-9  broke up and impacted into Jupiter, as we watched on breathlessly in 1994. The comet disintigrated into 21 or more chunks, up to 2km in diameter, and were moving at roughly 60km/s relative to jupiter, this was a spectacular series of impacts, some of the many visible impact blooms in the jovian atmosphere were the size of our entire planet, and remained visible in the gas giants atmosphere for many months.

By all indications, the younger dryas impact was the biggest thing to hit our planet in more than 5 million years, and in a geological timescale, it happened yesterday, and while there have been a few notable impacts since, nothing has come close to the destruction this unleashed on the planet. It is simply put, the biggest risk to humanity’s future, a true existential threat, and one that we should all collectively be paying more attention to. As a species we can’t do much about natural disasters, like flooding, earthquakes, volcanos or rapid changes in climate. On their own, none of these are a true threat to our species, although they could set us back a decade or so, they won’t truly wipe us out. Cosmic impacts however, do have that power. Not only do they cause these same natural disasters, they impart so much energy into the planet that they represent nearly all of the true extinction level events that we know about, and at the same time they are the one thing that we have the power to do something about, if we collectively put our back into it. If I were to describe a mission statement for this channel and what I’m trying to do, it’s to spread this message, that we need to truly evaluate our priorities. Climate change is a political topic, and while lots of people are worrying about cows farting and slandering Carbon dioxide  by calling it a pollutant, the reality is our climate in the last 5000 years has been in a period of unprecedented calm that the planet has not witnessed for the last 500,000. This is why our civilization has risen to the heights that is has, and this period of calm will 100% come to an end some day. We should be using this opportunity wisely, but I fear we’re just too human for that in many ways. Our eyes are on each other, on money, on the next election cycle, on our petty conflicts and religions, we pretend that the finite systems and resources of this planet are infinite, all while the real threat to our existence looms out in the cosmic environment. the same cosmic environment that represents real salvation for our species, it represents the ONLY truly long term solution for us, which is to both protect the planet from these impacts, and to evolve and spread humanity into the stars.

Call me old fashioned if you like, but I don’t think many  people retain this vision for the future of humanity, although just decades ago we did. Now it’s all about materialism competitions on instagram, virtue signalling on twitter, identity politics, endless cycles of celebrity culture and instant gratification. Not that I’m bitter about it, but just take a look at the ‘trending’ tab on youtube, and see the type of stuff that is getting all the views. I haven’t had regular TV for more than a decade, but every time I catch some of it I’m astounded and shocked by it’s emptyness of meaningful content, the and the crass nature of advertising, I think even Edward Bernays would be rolling in his grave. Hollywood has degenerated to nothing but committee driven comic book movies and remakes of movies that have no need of remakes, they are flat out beating us over the head with the most basic of plots and writing, as if we’re all too dumbed down to handle subtlety or complexity,  then stuff the movie full of virtue signalling and post modern identity politics. If you complain, they just issue the catch call of our times, you’re a racist, you’re sexist, you’re clearly a white dude living in your mums basement.  The world seems full of inane, vapid, vulgar and culturally corrosive content, and even a brief study of causes and factors involved with the downfall of civilizations will leave you with strong evidence that we’re circling the drain, culturally speaking. I’ve avoided these types of topics in my content, although I bother my friends and family endlessly about them, but it’s something I’m considering, as, at least to me, life seems like it should be about so much more than this type of thing. True purpose, true love and the satisfaction of a job well done are all things that require a long term commitment,  often years of effort and dedication, but it seems like these ideals are often being discarded for the temporary goals of ‘being happy’,  as if suffering and sadness are now outside the bounds of the human condition. This is a dangerous fallacy, as it’s only through the crucible of suffering that we can feel truly rewarded by success, the light at the end of the tunnel is only bright when it’s compared to the darkness that we’ve been through. No matter how many likes you get for your food photos on facebook, it’s ultimately hollow. I think more and more people are becoming lost through the pressures and demands of modern culture and life, and feeling like something is wrong with you when you aren’t ‘happy,’ whatever that is. We can live our lives with meaning and purpose, and in our modern, high technology society that is slowly starting the journey into space, we have a collective opportunity to move our species forward and guarantee its future. No humans before us have ever had this opportunity, and unless we grasp it, we will be inevitably knocked back into the stone age, or just eliminated all together, the next time we cross paths with a decent sized chunk of iron that’s floating through space. Imagine if this was the message being given to children, being taught in schools, perhaps we could inspire a whole new generation to reach for the stars, rather than reaching for a smart phone and a social media popularity contest that no one ever really wins.

Enough grandstanding, leave me a comment below if you think I should talk more about this type of thing in my content, or if you think I should just get on with the history and science, which is what I’m going to attempt to do now.

This study covers all possible angles of the Younger Dryas Boundary event, from the microscopic metallic spherules of the impact fallout itself, to the analysis of charcoal and carbon layers that indicate the follow on massive biomass burning, to a detailed investigation of organic remains that shows the devastating climate change that occurred and the specific effect  this event had on the environment and flora, and also to human populations and the megafauna of the region.

Chemical and SEM analysis of the microscopic spherules found in the YDB layer at Pilacuo show a couple of interesting features. Their texturing indicates high temperature melting of iron that occurred at greater than 1450 deg C, followed by rapid quenching, along with indications of a lack of oxygen as they formed. This was quite a violent and high temperate event. Consider the hypothesis stated earlier, that this event occurred some 12,800 years ago, when our planet crossed the wrong section of the Taurid stream, which is the broken up remains of a massive, 200km+ diameter comet. there was a huge swarm of impacts and air bursts, mostly centered in the norther hemisphere, that lasted only a few hours, but it massively changed the surface of the planet. Experts speculate there must have been between 1 thousand to 10 thousand tunguska like events in this short time – tunguska was a cosmically very small airburst and explosion that occurred in 1908 over Russia, yet it flattened some 2000 square kilometers of forest like matchsticks. This is the equivalent of a 15 kiloton nuclear bomb – that’s 1000 times greater than the bomb dropped on hiroshima. Along with the airbusts that happened in these few hours, you also have the impacts of larger bodies, like the 1.5 km sized rock that caused the hiawatha crater, and the likely impact to the ice of the great lakes region, that caused the carolina bays as fallout damage.  It’s almost impossible to truly imagine the violence of this event and the follow on effects it had on the planet.

Microscopic particles melted and cooled in these explosions, the fact that many of them didn’t oxidize fully due to the oxygen deficient conditions fully gives you some idea of the pressures and heat of the explosions, these particles are almost impossible to produce in nature. Similar meltglass and particles have been produced by atomic bomb testing sites, so we understand how they form, and they’re not the result of any natural, terrestrial process. These particles were injected back up into the atmosphere and fell more or less all around the world, to be later found by dedicated scientists in the younger dryas boundary sedimentary layer.

The authors spend some time in the paper discussing possible alternative sources for these types of spherules, most notably volcanic sources, and ultimately dismiss these as extremely unlikely, as even the largest known eruption in the last 5 million years, the 75,000 year old Toba Lake eruption, that distributed material up to 2500 km from it’s caldera, did not produce any spherules of this type.

There has been some debate on the science surrounding the YDB spherules, and some of it borders on being disingenuous. Scientific work of this type is often controversial, but the ideas being put forth in the cosmic impact hypothesis have absolutely massive implications, and not just for the strictly academic fields that are on display here. This should have a huge impact to the study of history, of human civilizations, of what real climate change means, it should impact studies into paleoanthropology and archaeology, the distribution of populations, and of what happened to the hordes of megafauna and pliestocene species that suddenly dissapeared from the record. There is a great deal of academic and mainstream resistance to the cataclysm concept, and that is nothing new – geology itself, for more than 60 years during the 19th century, had a stated mandate to use uniformitarianism and gradualism to explain the features we see around us, in a effort to distance itself from the church and the popular concept of catastrophism that was touted by religion. These concepts are still part of mainstream scientific literature and textbooks today, yet there is a slow correction occuring, as we being to realize that the concept of cataclysms and catastrophies that are preserved by nearly every culture on the planet seem to be correct, in principle if not in specific details. The mainstream really does not want to admit that this giant, world changing disaster happened, it’s as if it is somehow challenging the very principles upon which western civilization is constructed – that we are infallible in our purpose, that we are the result of a direct, linear progression of technology from the stone age. If you haven’t fully considered the idea, it can be a little jarring when you first begin to realize that this isn’t the case, that we’re just on the latest cycle of the hamster wheel of civilization, that there’s a very good chance we’ve built up to heights of civilization in the distant past, only to be knocked down so violently and so thouroughly by cosmic forces that there are barely even any clues left to us today to piece together. Fragments of a shared, precursor civilization that are left to us though megalithic architecture, through varied myths and ancient religions that encode sacred geometry and knowledge of the heavens.

This concept is challenging, and it seems like many in the othodox mainstream just are not willing to consider it. The spirit of that inertia to new and disruptive thinking like the YD impact hypothesis comes through in some of the so called scientific work intended to debunk the cosmic impact theory. The comet research team has addressed these criticisms, and continue to do so in this paper. In particular, they address the studies centering on the microscopic spherules that attempt to show they aren’t impact related. In case I hadnt made it clear, these are tiny, tiny particles. To understand their nuances, you need to use a SEM. This is a little technical but essentially they are saying that those studies either didn’t use SEM at all, or even deliberately fudged results to make the impact sphereules appear as if they are the same as other types of particules – which they are most definitely not.

Section 5 of the report details the evidence for extensive biomass burning that occurred directly at the onset of the Younger Dryas, as the team found evidence for hundreds of years of massive and raging fires that very likely caused impact winter like conditions and would have made life extremely difficult for anything running around trying to find food at the time – as evidenced by the massive extinctions that went along with this roughest of days. Charcoal, carbon sphereules and soot are all heavily embedded in the very same sedimentary layers that show peaks in extraterrestrial platinum and the younger dryas boundary spherules, indicating that yes, the world was mostly set on fire as a result of this cosmic strike.

The scale of these fires is like nothing we have ever witnessed before, and it is very hard to imagine what 10% of the world being on fire actually looks like. Not only that, but the initial impact and airburst related fires are entirely different beasts to regular wildfires or the firestorms that we are somewhat accustomed to in places like Australia or California each year. A phenomena occurs when large cosmic bodies enter our atmosphere at high temperatures, they are likely to be off-gassing tremendous amounts of catalytic and combustible gasses and compounds, such that it if you were unlucky enough to be anywhere near these events, it might appear as if the very air itself was on fire. There are a couple of fires in our history that seem likely to have been caused by these types of events, fires that share some common factors, like a sickly purple tinge to the air, and the fact that the world went silent before the onslaught of fire began. One is the events was the great chicago fire of 1871, in which eyewitness reports state that the atmosphere itself seemed to catch fire, and tunnels of flame would leap down blocks of buildings and set entire buildings alight in a single instant. Another was the greatest forest fire of our time, the miramichi fire of 1825, on the eastern coast of the united states, in which some 2 million acres were almost instantly torched, and in a matter of 3 minutes, every house in two towns in the area was burning. People said that spouts of fire rained down onto treetops, that the entire sky was alight in a sheet of flame, and these were people that were used to living in nature, and presumably quite used to the concept of occasional and natural wildfires. Both the chicago and the miramichi fire, although seperated by 50 years, occurred in october, during the period in which we cross the Taurid meteor stream. There was nothing natural about these events, at Miramichi it was said that you couldn’t walk through the region afterwards without stepping on dead animals and game. It’s equivalent to the entire acreage of the worst years of california or australian bushfires that burned in an entire season being burned in a single day. There are records of a chinese city in the 15th century being utterly destroyed overnight as the result of a cosmic impact, it’s just a different kind of event to the fires we are accustomed to. Yet even these relatively modern events can’t hold a candle (pun intended) to the roaring infernos that would have been created by the Younger Dryas. For a long period of time after this event, if you had managed to somehow live through it, it indeed would have seemed like the world had ended, which in effect, as far as human and animal life was concerned, it had. Randall Carlson has made an excellent study of these events, as always I highly recommend his GeoCosmic Rex channel to anyone that really wants to get into the nitty gritty details, I guarantee there’s more randall than you can handle on that channel.

As you might imagine, this event severely affected plant life, and indeed it changed the entire climate of the planet, dramatically. Evidence for pre-younger dryas plants after the boundary layer almost entirely dissapear, and for hundreds of years afterwards plant life in general was a full 7 times less abundant than before the younger dryas. A dramatic, and immediate reduction to both the abundance and the diversity of plant life. Indeed, it now appears that the climate itself shifted dramatically in the region as a result of the younger dryas event.

The change that occurred in the southern hemisphere appears to the opposite of that which happened in the north. The north underwent dramatic cooling, while there was a warming spike that happened in the south. The climate of our planet is incredibly complex. It has been stable for millions of years, and there are likely also thousands upon thousands of interconnected systems that drive it, across both our atmosphere and our oceans. What seems clear is that this climate was savagely disrupted by the younger dryas event, and the effects around the globe were almost immediate, suggesting atmospheric linkage, as oceanic changes simply take longer to show effects, although they were absolutely a component, as ocean currents were massively disrupted by the huge influxes of melt water from the flooding that occurred as the ice sheets were smashed. It is suggested that this altered the salinity levels of the ocean, disrupted the conveyer-belt like system of ocean currents, and that the warm equatorial winds (known as the trade winds) shifted south and that drove the warming of the souther hemisphere, even as the glaciers and sea ice in the north expanded rapidly and the overall temperatures dropped dramatically. Despite the overall global cooling that happened, the oceans during this time were marked by an enigmatic and abrupt rise in mean temperature that continued for roughly 700 years. This rise in ocean temperature buries the needle relative to the tiny and frankly inconsequential amounts of warming that have been recorded in modern times from 1971 to 2005. This is a very complex and confusing system, but in the context of a cosmic impact, it becomes a little less so, as we continue to peel back the onion on the true climate history of our planet

As far as the impact to both animal and human life at the time, the findings are quite clear. It was devastating. The research team looked at both megafauna and human remains in the strata, as well as levels of spores that come from fungi that occur in the droppings of large animals. To summarize the findings, Populations of megafauna were large and robust, in fact they were at their peak just prior to the younger dryas, and then any indications of large animals just completely dissapear directly at the younger dryas boundary. It has been suggested that more than 80% of the large mammals over 44kg in south america were made extinct as a direct result of this event, just a mind boggling number. Altogether south america lost more of its Pleistocene genera and species than north america, asia, or Europe. Evidence of human occupation appeared closely tied to the megafaunal record, indicating that they relied on them as a food source, and they too dissapeared from the record at this time, suggestive of either a migration, or more likely they suffered the same fate as did the other large mammals, a massive and dire reduction in population.

Overall, this paper has succeeded in what it set out to do, which is to test the known factors and effects of the younger  dryas event in the southern hemisphere. From impact proxies, to evidence for wildfires, to the extinction of megafauna and the decline of human populations, the paper confirms everything that has been painstakingly unearthed about the younger dryas period in the northern hemisphere.

I think this work in incredibly important, and it’s findings should drive home the unbelievable scale and impact of the younger dryas. I want to commend the research team, and the comet research group for their efforts here, and I hope that in some small way I’ve helped to spread their message and to drive some more interest to their work. In the past decade they have build a new and somewhat alarming picture of our past. It’s a picture that should have tremendous impact to everything we think we know about the roots of our own species, the rise of civilizations, and the true climate history of our planet. I think if more people were aware of this and took an interest, we might stand a chance to be better prepared the next time the cosmic reset button comes around, because believe it, it’s coming. It might not be for some time, or it might be tomorrow, but undeniably we have evidence that it’s been pushed many times on our planet, and each time this happens, everything shifts. I think if more people understood the true history of our planet, and the fact that we’re basically still recovering from the last real hit, it might put some context to the term ‘climate change’ and maybe it might even help us to align our priorities, as a species that is limited to a single rock, I like to think of it as an organic spaceship, that is hurtling through a cosmic environment that every so often gives us a reminder that it is there, and shows us just how truly vulnerable we really are. Despite this, our opportunity to address it is unprecedented, it is an opportunity that is only available as the result of thousands of years of nice calm weather, and technological growth. I truly hope we reach out and grasp it, because it we don’t, we might never get the chance again.

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